INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF TROPICAL FORESTERS

 SOCIEDAD INTERNACIONAL DE FORESTALES TROPICALES

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News Notes by Tom Gill

  Publications of interest to members:  
Montagnini, F. and Finney, C. (eds). 2011. Restoring degraded landscapes with native species in Latin America. Nova Science Publishers, New York. 244pp.  

https://www.novapublishers.com/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=18432

Many forest restoration programs emphasize the use of native species because they contribute to the conservation of biodiversity as well as protection and expansion of genetic diversity of the vegetation used and of associated fauna. Technical and economic advantages of using indigenous species include potential sources of propagules and ease of acclimation to local ecological conditions. Additionally, the species used to restore degraded areas should have the ability to improve soils and the microenvironment and provide shelter and food for fauna, in order to accelerate the process of restoration. Sustainable forestry - including plantations of native tree species, agroforestry, and enrichment plantings - can provide a wide range of ecosystem services such as erosion control, watershed protection, habitat connectivity, biodiversity, and carbon sequestration, as well as economic benefits from timber, fuelwood, fruit, and other products.

This book includes 13 chapters on topics ranging from the ecological considerations essential to the design of sustainable restoration systems; to schemes to finance restoration including Payments for Environmental Services; to restoration strategies that promote the conservation of native species diversity. The book closes with a chapter that poses the question of what constitutes sustainable forest management, as it could serve as guideline for legislation. The chapters range geographically from Hidalgo, Mexico, through Costa Rica and Panama, and south to Brazil and Argentina, thus encompassing a variety of ecosystems representative of Latin America.

The book is directed to a broad audience including scholars, practitioners, and policy-makers. This volume is expected to inspire and enable new sustainable forest restoration projects in Latin America and elsewhere, and provide impetus for additional research on these highly-beneficial systems.

Montagnini, F., Francesconi, W. and Rossi, E. (eds.). 2011. Agroforestry as a tool for landscape restoration. Nova Science Publishers, New York. 201pp.

https://www.novapublishers.com/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=16423

This book provides an overview of recent efforts to apply agroforestry technologies to landscape restoration in degraded lands located in tropical and temperate regions worldwide. The book is directed at a broad audience including academics, practitioners, and policy makers.

The specific circumstances of ecosystem or landscape degradation, range from extreme conditions and solutions such as sand embankments and vegetative barriers in arid regions of Sudan, to degraded agricultural or pasture lands, implementing successional analog ecosystems in the Brazilian Amazon, “agrotropic-rainforestry” systems in Cameroon, traditional shifting agricultural technologies without burning in Madagascar, agrosilvopastoral systems in Costa Rica, or reforestation with taungya systems in Venezuela. 

Several chapters are dedicated to describing agroforestry systems aimed at the provision of environmental services. Reforestation and agroforesty systems to recover watershed function are presented from projects in the Philippines and Canada. Biodiversity recovery and conservation is the focus of chapters describing the use of living fences and shaded coffee in fragmented agricultural landscapes in Costa Rica, and models to apply systems geared at restoring environmental services in Brazil. Furthermore, the importance of working with local people, and providing education and extension services to local communities was stressed in chapters dealing with Malagasy smallholder agriculture, and deforestation in the Xingu river basin, Brazil, among others.

This collection of articles intends to call the attention of practitioners, academics and policy makers to key issues and approaches in agroforestry that can be useful to address the complex environmental and productivity problems of degraded agricultural lands throughout the world.
  ITTO/IUCN Guidelines for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity in Tropical Timber Production Forests. A complete revision and updating of ITTO's original Biodiversity Guidelines published in 1993, sets out the specific actions that policymakers, forest managers and other stakeholders should take to improve biodiversity conservation in tropical production forests. Available for download: http://www.itto.int/  
  Directrices OIMT/UICN para la conservación y utilización sostenible de la biodiversidad en los bosques tropicales productores de madera. Esta publicación, que constituye una completa revisión y actualización del texto original de las directrices de la OIMT sobre biodiversidad publicadas en 1993, define las medidas específicas que los dirigentes del sector, los responsables del manejo forestal y otros actores interesados deberían tomar para mejorar la conservación de la biodiversidad en los bosques tropicales de producción. Descargar: http://www.itto.int/es/  

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News Notes by Tom Gill

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This page updated: 09 April 2009